Style Sheet Switcheroo 样式表文件切换(换肤)

作者:不详 发布时间 17/04/05 来源 15 Days Of jQuery

The first time I saw a style sheet switcher I was either reading A List Apart or Simple Bits, both excellent sites you should visit if you are serious about design.

Since then, I’ve seen many different methods for allowing a visitor to switch a stylesheet with a click of a mouse. But recently I came across a short example of how to do it with jQuery.

I want to show you this example and walk you through it because it not only gives another fine example of the short code you can write with jQuery but also too illustrate some of the more advanced features of the jQuery javascript library.

First, The Code

                return false;
        var c = readCookie('style');
        if (c) switchStylestyle(c);

function switchStylestyle(styleName)
                this.disabled = true;
                if (this.getAttribute('title') == styleName) this.disabled = false;
        createCookie('style', styleName, 365);

What I’ve left out of the demonstration are the functions you’ll see later for creating and reading the cookies.

Familiar Ground


The beginning of the code tells jQuery “As soon as possible, get all elements with the class name of styleswitch and fire off a function when the element is clicked”.

So far so good.

When these chosen elements are clicked the switchStylestyle function will be called. So that’s where we turn our attention next.

What In The World?

The first time I really looked closely at this I was stumped:


After searching the web and coming up empty handed I contacted John Resig, the creator of jQuery, and asked him for some hints.

He directed me to some pages on the jQuery site that explain some of the more advanced ways that jQuery can be used to find and manipulate elements on a page.

If you read the short explanations and examples here you’ll soon see that this mysterious line of code tells jQuery “Find all link elements with a rel attribute containing the string ‘style’”.


Let’s look at how we would create a page with one main stylesheet and two alternate ones:

 <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles1.css"
  title="styles1" media="screen" />
  <link rel="alternate stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles2.css"
  title="styles2" media="screen" />
  <link rel="alternate stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles3.css"
  title="styles3" media="screen" />

Notice how all of the links to the stylesheets have a rel attribute with “style” somewhere between the quotation marks.

So, in short, this code is telling jQuery to target all of the stylesheet links in the page.

What Next?

The each() function loops through each of the stylesheet links and performs the operations spelled out in the next few lines of code:

                this.disabled = true;
                if (this.getAttribute('title') == styleName) this.disabled = false;

“Disable every stylesheet link but then un-disable any link where the “title” attribute is the same as the value passed to the switchStylestyle function”

That’s a mouthful too, but it’s really not that tough.

What we’re doing is matching the rel attribute of the links on our page (the clickable links for switching the stylesheets) with the title attribute of the stylesheets (and alternates) available to us.

When one of the clickable links is clicked, a function is called, which finds all the stylesheets, disables all of them, and then turns one back on… the one where the title of the stylesheet link matches the rel attribute of the link clicked.


Full Code and Demos

Since Kelvin Luck already created the code, no need for me to replicate it here.


Code – I won’t link directly to the zip, since that’s sometimes seen as rude. Go to this page and at the bottom is a link to the zip.

Compare to Other Code

I believe ol’ Kelvin got his inspiration from this site where you’ll see that to do this without jQuery is a little bit more complicated and you don’t get all the benefits of Kelvin’s code – namely the long term memory of stylesheet chosen.

[tags]jQuery, javascript, DOM, cookie, stylesheet, css, alternate stylesheets[/tags]


DEMO http://2008.kelvinluck.com/assets/jquery/styleswitch/